In 1993, Oklahoma City residents invested in themselves when they approved a penny sales tax to fund the new and upgraded cultural, sports, recreation, entertainment and convention facilities. As a result, Oklahoma City experienced a revitalization of its central core and improved its image on an international scale. The first MAPS program was followed by MAPS for Kids in 2001 and MAPS 3 in 2009.
While the projects of each program different, the method and goal remained the same: use a limited-term, 1-cent sales tax to build transformational projects – all debt free. The result of that initial public investment is substantial private investment. An analysis by RegionTrack released in November 2019 found the impact of Oklahoma City’s investments in the Metropolitan Area Projects (MAPS) totals more than $7 billion.
Approximately $1.8 billion in city investment has been used or earmarked for the three rounds of MAPS projects in Oklahoma City. Additional city infrastructure expenditures in the period totaled $690 million and worked to enhance the outcome of the MAPS projects. Other federal, state and local government entities invested an additional $600 million in the downtown area. Total public investment through city spending on MAPS and investments by other public sector entities reached $3.1 billion between 1995 and 2018.
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